root


root
I.
/rut / (say rooht)

noun
1. a part of the body of a plant which, typically, develops from the radicle, and grows downwards into the soil, fixing the plant and absorbing nutriment and moisture.
2. a similar organ developed from some other part of the plant, as one of those by which ivy clings to its support.
3. any underground part of a plant, as a rhizome.
4. something resembling or suggesting the root of a plant in position or function.
5. the embedded or basal portion of a hair, tooth, nail, etc.
6. the fundamental or essential part: the root of a matter.
7. the source or origin of a thing: love of money is the root of all evil.
8. the base or point of origin of something.
9. a person or family as the source of offspring or descendants.
10. an offshoot or scion.
11. (plural)
a. a person's real home and environment: though I've lived in the city for ten years my roots are still in the country.
b. those elements, as personal relationships, a liking for the area, customs, etc., which make a place one's true home: he lived in Darwin for five years but never established any roots there.
12. Mathematics
a. a quantity which, when multiplied by itself a certain number of times, produces a given quantity: 2 is the square root of 4, the cube root of 8, and the fourth root of 16.
b. a quantity which, when substituted for the unknown quantity in an algebraic equation, satisfies the equation.
13. Linguistics
a. a morpheme which underlies an inflectional paradigm or is used itself as a word or element of a compound. Thus, dance is the root of dancer, dancing. In German, seh is the root of gesehen.
b. such a morpheme as posited for a parent language, such as proto-Indo-European, on the basis of comparison of extant forms in daughter languages.
14. Music
a. the fundamental note of a chord or of a series of harmonies.
b. the lowest note of a chord when arranged as a series of thirds; the fundamental.
15. Machinery that part of a screw thread which connects adjacent flanks at the bottom of the groove.
16. Colloquial (taboo) an act of sexual intercourse.
17. Colloquial (taboo) a sexual partner (in contexts where performance, willingness, etc., is evaluated): a good root; an easy root.
verb (i)
18. to send out roots and begin to grow.
19. to become fixed or established.
20. (of a horse, etc.) to pigroot.
21. Colloquial (taboo) to engage in sexual intercourse.
verb (t)
22. to fix by, or as if by, roots.
23. to implant or establish deeply.
24. Colloquial (taboo) to have sexual intercourse with.
25. Colloquial (taboo) to frustrate.
26. Colloquial (taboo) to break; ruin: I told you not to do that – you've rooted it now.
phrase
27. put down roots, Colloquial to establish oneself in a new place of residence, especially by making connections with people living in the area.
28. root and branch, entirely; completely: to reform tax root and branch.
29. root out, to extirpate; exterminate. Compare root2 (def. 3).
30. root up,
a. to pull up by the roots.
b. to eradicate; remove utterly. Compare root2 (defs 3 and 4).
31. take (or strike) root,
a. to send out roots and begin to grow.
b. to become fixed or established.
32. wouldn't it root you, Colloquial (taboo) (an exclamation of exasperation.)
{Middle English; Old English rōt, from Old Norse rōt}
rootless, adjective
II.
/rut / (say rooht)

verb (i)
1. to turn up the soil with the snout, as swine.
phrase
2. root around, to poke, pry, or search, as if to find something.
3. root out (or up), to unearth; bring to light. Compare root1 (defs 29 and 30).
4. root up, to turn over with the snout.
Compare root1 (def. 30). {variant of obsolete wroot, Old English wrōtan, related to wrōt snout}
rooter, noun
III.
/rut / (say rooht)

phrase root for, US Colloquial
to give encouragement to, or applaud (a contestant, etc.).
{? variant of rout make a loud noise. Compare Norwegian ruta}
rooter, noun

Australian English dictionary. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Root — Root, n. [Icel. r[=o]t (for vr[=o]t); akin to E. wort, and perhaps to root to turn up the earth. See {Wort}.] 1. (Bot.) (a) The underground portion of a plant, whether a true root or a tuber, a bulb or rootstock, as in the potato, the onion, or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • root — root1 [ro͞ot, root] n. [ME rote < Late OE < ON rot, akin to OE wyrt, Ger wurzel < IE base * wrād , twig, root > Gr rhiza, L radix, root, ramus, branch] 1. the part of a plant, usually below the ground, that lacks nodes, shoots, and… …   English World dictionary

  • root — Ⅰ. root [1] ► NOUN 1) a part of a plant normally below ground, which acts as a support and collects water and nourishment. 2) the embedded part of a bodily organ or structure such as a hair. 3) (also root vegetable) a turnip, carrot, or other… …   English terms dictionary

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  • Root — (r[=oo]t), v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Rooted}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Rooting}.] 1. To fix the root; to enter the earth, as roots; to take root and begin to grow. [1913 Webster] In deep grounds the weeds root deeper. Mortimer. [1913 Webster] 2. To be firmly… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • Root — Root, v. i. [AS. wr[=o]tan; akin to wr[=o]t a snout, trunk, D. wroeten to root, G. r[ u]ssel snout, trunk, proboscis, Icel. r[=o]ta to root, and perhaps to L. rodere to gnaw (E. rodent) or to E. root, n.] 1. To turn up the earth with the snout,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English